Predicting how animals use their environment and respond to stressors has been studied in a variety of ways from modelling to behavioural measurements. This is vital to our understanding of ecosystems and their resilience, but rarely if ever can we directly measure animals at a sufficiently large spatio-temporal scale. Nowhere is this data deficiency more acute than in the Polar Regions, where we are using a variety of non-invasive or minimally-invasive techniques to allow us to measure animals at very large scales. In particular, we use time-lapse cameras and population genomics to measure the behaviour, breeding ecology and large-scale population structure in penguins and other polar species. DPhil projects are negotiable depending on the student’s interests and skills.